RBC Revamps Its Index Fund Lineup

In my last post, I reviewed RBC’s forthcoming lineup of traditional ETFs, which will appear later this summer. The launch of these ETFs will also spark some changes in RBC’s index mutual funds: they’ll be getting new benchmark indexes and lower fees, and in some cases they’ll use the new ETFs as their underlying holdings. It’s good news for investors who want to use index mutual funds rather than ETFs, so let’s take a closer look.

We’ll start with the two equity funds that will see only a new benchmark, with no change to their structure.

The RBC Canadian Index Fund (RBF556) currently tracks the S&P/TSX Composite Index, but as of September it will be pegged to the FTSE Canada All Cap Domestic Index. (You can find the factsheets for all of FTSE’s indexes here.) These two indexes are very similar, so this is not a terribly meaningful change. The FTSE index is the same one tracked by the soon-to-be-launched RBC Canadian Equity Index ETF (RCAN), but the mutual fund will not use this ETF as its underlying holding—at least not yet.

Here’s why: the mutual fund has built up large unrealized capital gains (equal to about 24% of the fund’s net asset value as of May 19), so selling the stocks and replacing them with ETF units would mean realizing these gains and passing them along to the fund’s investors. To spare unitholders this tax bill, RBC has decided to hold off on the transition indefinitely.

The RBC U.S. Index Fund (RBF557) will be affected in a similar way: it will change its benchmark from the S&P 500 to the FTSE USA Index, the same one used by its corresponding new ETF. But because of the large unrealized gains in the fund, there are currently no plans to transition to use the new ETF as its underlying holding.

Over the hedge

The two currency-hedged equity funds in RBC’s lineup will not only see their indexes changed, but they’ll also change their structure entirely.

The RBC U.S. Index Currency Neutral Fund (RBF558) and the RBC International Index Currency Neutral Fund (RBF559) are unusual in that they don’t actually hold any stocks directly: instead, they get their exposure using index futures. This strategy is a holdover from the days when Canadians were limited in the amount of foreign investments they could hold in RRSPs. Since futures are not considered foreign investments, using them to get exposure to US an international stocks was a way of getting around that rule, which was finally scrapped in 2005.

As of September, these two mutual funds will stop using futures and instead use the corresponding new ETFs as their underling holdings: the RBC U.S. Equity Index ETF (RUSA) and the RBC International Equity Index ETF (RINT). Neither of these ETFs uses currency hedging, however, so the mutual funds will add that separately. Unfortunately, there will be no unhedged mutual fund option for international equities.

If you happen to hold either of these funds in a taxable account today, this is good news. Index futures are notoriously tax-inefficient, because any increase in their value is taxable as income rather than as capital gains. Going forward, fund investors will be able to enjoy the same tax-efficiency as ETF investors.

 Strike up the bonds

Finally, here’s how RBC’s lineup of bond mutual funds will evolve.

The most significant change is the creation of the RBC Canadian Bond Index Fund (RBF700). This is a rebranding of what used to be the RBC Advisor Canadian Bond Fund, which was essentially a closet index fund. In advance of the launch of the RBC Canadian Bond Index ETF (RCUB), the mutual fund changed its name and its mandate on June 30. Starting in September it will use the new ETF as its underlying holding.

The RBC Canadian Government Bond Index Fund (RBF563) won’t change at all, except to lower its fee slightly. The fund will continue to track the FTSE TMX Canada Federal Bond Index, which, as the name suggests includes only federal government bonds. This makes it quite different from broad-market bond index funds—including RBF700—which also include provincial, municipal and agency bonds, as well as 20% to 40% corporate bonds. Holding all federal bonds is slightly less risky, but also brings a significantly lower yield.

Best of the rest

For the last few years, Option 2 of my model portfolios—for investors who use individual index mutual funds, as opposed to ETFs or a single-fund solution—has included only the TD e-Series. These are much cheaper than any other option, but unfortunately they’re available only to clients of TD Mutual Funds and TD Direct Investing. If you use any other brokerage, the choices foe index mutual funds are pretty poor. These recent changes to the RBC lineup improves the situation, though only modestly.

RBC has announced that all of their index funds will see fee reductions effective immediately. Here’s a summary of the changes to the Series A version of the funds, which are ones available to retail investors through any online brokerage:

Index Fund (Series A) Old MER New MER
RBC Canadian Index Fund 0.72% 0.66%
RBC U.S. Index Fund 0.72% 0.66%
RBC U.S. Index Currency Neutral Fund 0.72% 0.61%
RBC International Index Currency Neutral Fund 0.71% 0.61%
RBC Canadian Bond Index Fund † 0.92% 0.76%
RBC Canadian Government Bond Index Fund 0.66% 0.61%

† = formerly the RBC Advisor Canadian Bond Fund

You’ve probably noticed the fee reductions are quite minor: an investor with a $50,000 portfolio of RBC equity index funds would pay roughly $50 less in annual fees. (The newly branded RBC Canadian Bond Index Fund seems particularly expensive at 0.76% in an era when the yield to maturity is only about 2%.) The fee reductions are much greater for the Series F versions, but these are available only through fee-based advisors.

That said, for those who do not have access to the TD e-Series funds, RBC’s new lineup appears to be the next best option thanks to these lower fees, improved tax efficiency, and broader indexes. A traditional balanced portfolio built from these new funds would look like this:

Index Fund (Series A) Allocation MER
RBC Canadian Index Fund 20% 0.66%
RBC U.S. Index Fund 20% 0.66%
RBC International Index Currency Neutral Fund 20% 0.61%
RBC Canadian Bond Index Fund 40% 0.76%
100% 0.69%


21 Responses to RBC Revamps Its Index Fund Lineup

  1. Will July 7, 2017 at 1:36 pm #

    RBC doesn’t have a non-currency neutral international fund?

  2. Canadian Couch Potato July 7, 2017 at 1:41 pm #

    @Will: Unfortunately, no.

  3. Manny July 7, 2017 at 2:04 pm #

    My ETF (VFV) is going down and down… do you think this is due to Trump losing trust from the American ppl? should it get better sooner than going worst? I am in for the long run so I will keep my money on it anyway but just wondering what to expect.

  4. Greg July 7, 2017 at 2:38 pm #

    @Manny: The S&P 500, which VFV is based on, is up 8% year to date. VFV is going down because it’s priced in Canadian dollar equivalent. The CAD is on a tear.

    If most investors are like me, they’re getting hit on all sides: Canadian stocks down, international stocks way down in CAD equivalent, bonds down on rate hike speculation. So much for reducing volatility.
    Unfortunately, I bought all in May as a lump sum against my better judgement instead of dollar cost averaging over a number of months.

  5. Dave July 7, 2017 at 3:24 pm #

    Why would any investor buy these over Vanguard?

  6. R July 7, 2017 at 4:41 pm #

    It’s for branch clients, so that they don’t leave for much cheaper etfs with other providers

  7. Jake July 8, 2017 at 10:38 am #


    Do you have any comments on the new Ishares Quality Dividend Index ETF’s

  8. Canadian Couch Potato July 9, 2017 at 10:31 am #

    @Jake: I would put these in the same category as all other smart beta products:

  9. Joey July 9, 2017 at 11:45 am #

    Why can’t Vanguard create mutual funds in Canada the same as they do in the US? They would be way better than anything else available.

    With an MER of 0.69% I think you’d be much better off with a Robo advisor.

  10. Credit unions r cool July 9, 2017 at 12:33 pm #

    @Joey – Roboadvisors charge around 1% on TOP of the ETF MERs. Roboadvisors are good for not worrying about your money, but you might as well be in Mawer Balanced if you’re going that route. An index mutual fund is cheaper than a Roboadvisor. At least that’s my understanding from what I’ve read about WealthSimple, VirtualWealth, WealthBar, etc.

  11. andre July 9, 2017 at 2:35 pm #

    @Credit unions r cool – Roboadvisors are not quite as expensive as that. Here are the approximate costs in addition to ETF MERs and note that there are no separate trading costs for Roboadvisors:

    WealthSimple – 0.5% (under $100k) or 0.4% (above $100k)

    VirtuaWealth – approx 0.75% (under $100k) sliding to ~0.5% for larger accounts

    WealthBar – 0.6% (up to $150k) sliding to ~0.5% (at around $400K) and 0.4% (at close to $1mil).

    So the total cost of Roboadvisors is comparable to the Mawer Balanced fund for smaller accounts and a bit cheaper for larger accounts.

    Though, I would say if you have more than $500k to invest, it’s a great payoff to spend a bit of time and learn how to be a DIY investor. I recognize that’s not for everyone though, especially if an investor is susceptible to poor behavior/market timing.

  12. BMT65 July 9, 2017 at 11:39 pm #

    Glad to see these RBC index funds will finally include small caps. It was the one thing they were really missing. I can’t see myself moving back from Vanguard for these, but it’s a significant improvement for new investors. Great work by RBC to stay competitive and keep more clients invested in their home bank.

  13. Marko July 12, 2017 at 11:23 am #

    My wife has $200K in those older RBC Index Funds – 25% Canadian Bond Fund and 25% in each of the Canadian, US and International Index Funds.

    She just moved them out of her RBC branch and into RBC Direct Investing with the intention to sell them and buy the BMO Aggregate Bond Fund, iShares XAW and BMO S&P/TSX Capped Composite. With $200K to invest in the 3 ETF’s she will save about $1200 per year in fees and have better products.

  14. Joe July 14, 2017 at 6:45 am #

    Great article Dan. Would these new funds be tax efficient to hold in unregistered accounts or would you recommend ETF’s from your model portfolio instead?

    Thanks again
    Take care

  15. Carl July 15, 2017 at 1:37 pm #

    @CCP: Thank you very much for the information. Do you know if the new RBC Canadian Bond Index Fund (RBF700) will have the same front end load structure than the RBC Advisor Canadian Bond Fund?

  16. Canadian Couch Potato July 17, 2017 at 8:48 am #

    @Carl: I would be very surprised if any of the RBC index funds had a load of any kind, especially if purchased though a discount brokerage.

  17. Canadian Couch Potato July 17, 2017 at 8:58 am #

    @Joe: There would not be much difference in tax-efficiency between these index funds and the ETFs in my model portfolios.

  18. David July 17, 2017 at 4:55 pm #

    @CCP Great article thanks for the information,

    I’m just starting to invest, I have about $8000 in savings and have a bank account with RBC. Would you recommend me to start a mutual fund with RBC with this amount of savings?

    Or is there another route I could do? I’m willing to invest some money in “risky” mutual funds does this exist?

    Thanks for the help

  19. Canadian Couch Potato July 19, 2017 at 8:43 pm #

    @David: This might be a more appropriate solution with $8K:

  20. Aki July 20, 2017 at 2:39 am #

    Still how they will compare to

    I still think this is best couch portfolio suggested

  21. Aki July 20, 2017 at 2:41 am #

    Also these r free to buy from questrade

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