In my last post, I argued that virtually all long-term investors should have a significant allocation to bonds in their portfolio. That raises an obvious practical question: if you’re a Couch Potato investor, which bond index fund should you use?
Let’s begin by looking at the most widely followed fixed-income benchmark in Canada: the DEX Universe Bond Index. It consists of about 70% government issues (45% federal, 24% provincial and 1% municipal) and 30% corporate bonds. About half of the bonds in the index have maturities of five years or less, about a quarter mature within five to ten years, and another quarter extend past ten years. In short, this index has it all (with the notable exception of real-return bonds). If you’re looking for a single fund that covers the Canadian investment-grade bond market, look for one that tracks the DEX Universe.
Your bond fund choices
While there is a wide variety of fixed-income ETFs in Canada, only one follows this key benchmark, and that’s the aptly named iShares DEX Universe Bond Index Fund (XBB). Launched in 2000 (which makes it ancient by ETF standards), XBB has more than $1.6 billion in assets and an MER of just 0.33%.